Glossary

          A

          Airport Carbon Accreditation (ACA)

          In 2009 the umbrella association for the European airport operators “Airport Council International Europe” (ACI Europe) launched Airport Carbon Accreditation with the goal of motivating a large number of European airports to adopt a comprehensive management of CO2 emissions. Meanwhile, all international ACI regions have taken over this tool, thus adopting a global reporting and management standard for CO2 emissions at airports. For more details, please visit www.airportcarbonaccredited.org.

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          B

          Biodiversity

          The variety of living creatures, organisms and plants on earth. Science distinguishes between four aspects of diversity: genetic diversity, species diversity, diversity of habitats, and diversity of biological interactions.

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          C

          Capital employed

          Net financial debt + Shareholders’ equity

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          CO2 Footprint

          The CO2 footprint is a measure for the total amount of carbon dioxide emissions which are caused directly and indirectly by an activity or which are generated over the life stages of a product. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol forms the basis for this calculation.

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          Compliance

          According to the interpretation of the German Corporate Governance Code, compliance relates to conformity with laws and internal rules. Corporate compliance is interpreted to mean maintaining conduct within a company in conformity with the laws and rules by means of a Compliance Management System. Preventive, organizational measures are intended to minimize the liability risk for the company, its management bodies and each individual employee.

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          COSO II

          The COSO Enterprise Risk Management Framework (COSO II) is a model for qualitative improvement of financial reporting through ethical actions, effective internal checks and balances, and good corporate governance. It is used for the establishment and assessment of risk management and internal control systems. COSO II was developed by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in 1985, a voluntary private organization based in the USA.

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          Council for Sustainable Development

          Rat für nachhaltige Entwicklung (RNE). This council is an advisory body set up by the German federal government with the commitment to promote the national sustainability strategy, to designate areas of action, and to make sustainability an important public concern. The council is made up of 15 leading public figures.

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          D

          Debt-to-equity ratio

          Net financial debt / Total assets

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          DFS

          DFS Deutsche Flugsicherung GmbH (The German Air Navigation Services) is a Federal, private-law company and the successor of the former Federal Administration of Air Navigation Services  then known by its acronym BFS). The air traffic navigation tasks are defined in the German Air Traffic Act.

          DFS is responsible for air traffic control and for a safe, orderly and expedious handling of the civil and supra-regional military air traffic in Germany.

          DFS defines and requests the air routes in compliance with the national and international rules. The Federal Supervisory Authority for Air Navigation Services (BAF) is the approving organ for the air routes.

          Consultation between DFS and the Hessian Ministry for Economics, Transport and Regional Development is an important element of the approval procedure by the Noise Abatement Commission.

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          Diversity

          Variety among the employees of a company in relation to gender, ethnic origin, nationality, age, religious affiliation, beliefs, physical impairment and sexual orientation.

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          Dividend yield

          Dividend per share/Year-end closing price of the share

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          Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI)

          This important index for sustainability only lists companies which act as an exemplary role model for their sustainable corporate governance in accordance with the criteria of economy, ecology and commitment in the social and cultural sphere.

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          Dynamic leverage ratio

          Net financial debt / Cash flow from operating activities

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          E

          EBIT

          Abbreviation for: Earnings before interest and taxes

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          EBITDA

          Abbreviation for: Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization

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          EBITDA margin

          EBITDA?/ Revenue

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          EBIT margin

          EBIT?/ Revenue

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          EBT

          Abbreviation for: Earnings before taxes

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          EMAS

          The Eco Management and Audit Scheme is a system developed by the European Union for voluntary environmental management and environmental performance. This is an instrument for companies and organizations who want to continuously improve their environmental performance.

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          EURIBOR

          Abbreviation for: European Interbank Offered Rate = Interest rate used by European banks, when trading fixed-term deposits with each other. It is one of the most important reference interest rates, among European bonds, bearing variable interest payments.

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          F

          Forum Airport and Region

          Forum Flughafen und Region (FFR). This forum addresses issues connected with the expansion of Frankfurt Airport, the air traffic industry and the development of noise. The objective is to engage in establishing a constructive dialog with the region about the development of the airport.

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          Fraport assets

          Capital required for the Fraport Group’s operations

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          Free cash flow

          Cash flow from operating activities – Spending for intangible assets – Spending for property, plant and equipment – Spending for airport operating projects – Spending for investment property

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          FTSE4Good

          One of the most important sustainability indexes, launched by the Financial Times and the London Stock Exchange in 2001. Companies are listed in this index if they demonstrate above-average performance in the fields of human rights, social standards and environmental protection and continually improve their performance.

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          G

          Gearing ratio

          Net financial debt / Shareholders’ equity

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          German Energy Saving Directive

          Energie-Einspar-Verordnung (EnEV).This directive is part of German building legislation and defines standards for property developers relating to
          energy-saving heat insulation and energy-saving system techno logy in buildings. The last amendment came into force on 1 October 2009.

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          German Sustainability Building Council

          Deutsche Gesellschaft für nachhaltiges Bauen (DGNB). The mission of this council is to develop and promote initiatives and solutions for sustainable construction, use and planning of buildings.

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          Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol and Scopes

          The Greenhouse Gas Protocol develops internationally recognized reporting standards for reporting greenhouse gas emissions generated by companies. The emissions are classified into three so-called “Scopes” on the basis of their origin. Scope 1: Emissions that are generated and controlled directly as part of the business activity of the company (e.g. by the combustion of fuel in company vehicles). Scope 2: Emissions that are generated indirectly by third parties for the company (e.g. electricity generated by utility companies). Scope 3: Indirect emissions? that are outside the direct control of the company but are generated because they play an important role in the business activities of the company (e.g. travel by passengers to and from the airport).

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          H

          HMWEVL

          Hessian Ministry for Economics, Energy, Transport and State Development.

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          I

          I.C.A.O. Noise Certification

          Before a new type of aircraft is allowed to participate in international air traffic, it requires a type certificate, called "noise certification". The aircraft needs to pass certain noise limit values at three noise measurement points: take-off overflight, take-off alongside the runway and approach.

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          Investment ratio

          Capital expenditures / Revenue

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          ISAGO Certificate

          The IATA Safety Audit for Ground Operations Certificate issued by IATA (International Air Transport Association) defines worldwide uniform safety and quality standards for providers of ground handling services for the first time ever.

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          ISO 14001

          The international environmental management standard ISO 14001 formulates requirements which are intended to support companies when building a system of environmental management embedded in management. The central focus is a continuous improvement process directed toward implementing defined environmental targets.

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          ISO 9001

          The ISO 9001 standard defines specifications for a quality management system which can be used for internal applications by organizations or for certification or contractual purposes. ISO 9001 is directed toward promoting the effectiveness of the quality management system in fulfilling customers’ requirements.

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          J

          K

          L

          Liquidity

          Cash and cash equivalents (as of financial position) + Short-term realizable assets in “other financial assets” and “other receivables and financial assets”

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          M

          Market capitalization

          Year-end closing price of the share x Number of shares outstanding.

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          N

          Net financial debt

          Non-current financial debt + Current financial debt – Liquidity

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          Noise Abatement Commission

          The Noise Abatement Commission's tasks and composition are regulated in the Air Traffic Act (§32b). The Aircraft Abatement Commission is the consultative body for the authorizing agency of the Hessian Ministry for Economics, Transport and Regional Development (HMWVL) and for the DFS German Air Navigation Services.

          Members of the Frankfurt Noise Abatement Commission:

          • Representatives of the municipalities and districts in the vicinity of Frankfurt Airport
          • Working Committee of the Hessian Chambers of Trade and Commerce
          • BARIG (Board of Airline Representatives in Germany)
          • German Association Against Aircraft Noise
          • DFS German Air Navigation Services
          • Deutsche Lufthansa AG
          • Fraport AG
          • Highest State Authority (Hessian Ministry of the Environment)
          • as well as some permanent meeting participants and guests.

          Municipalities represented in the Noise Abatement Commission

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          NORAH Study

          NORAH stands for “Noise Related Annoyance, Cognition, and Health”.

          The NORAH study was launched by an independent consortium of scientists. The goal was to obtain the most representative and scientifically based picture possible about the effects of noise from air, rail, and road traffic on the health and quality of life. During the entire course of the study the investigation was accompanied by an independent external quality assurance.

          The study was commissioned by the non-profit Umwelthaus GmbH, which is wholly-owned by the German State of Hesse. NORAH’s funding is provided by the State of Hesse, by Fraport AG, municipalities and air carriers.

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          O

          OHSAS 18001

          Internationally recognized specification for occupational health and safety management systems. This is compatible with ISO 9001 and ISO 14001, and supports the company in efficiently fulfilling its commitments to occupational health and safety in the workplace.

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          Ombudsperson

          The key function of the ombudsperson (external lawyer) is to receive confidentially any information about criminal activities relating to the company and inadmissible business practices to the detriment of the company. The ombudsperson?acts as?an additional contact partner outside the company for a whistleblower who would not necessarily like to take his or her concerns to the inhouse offices responsible for such matters. The ombudsperson is committed to the attorney client privilege and therefore has an obligation to confidentiality.

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          P

          P?/ E ratio (Price-to-earnings ratio of stock)

          Year-end closing price of the share / Earnings per share (basic)

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          Photovoltaics

          Direct conversion of radiation energy, primarily solar energy, into electrical energy. Photovoltaic cells are used to generate electricity and are found mainly on roofs, at parking meters, in pocket calculators, at noise abatement walls or in open spaces.

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          Population equivalent

          Represents the amount of oxygen required by the wastewater produced by one person in one day (measured as the BOD or Biochemical Oxygen Demand).

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          Q

          Quick-Service-Zuschlag (Fahrzeugausweise)

          Erm?glicht die direkte Ausweiserstellung im Servicecenter Flughafenausweise gegen Vorlage des Antrages.

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          R

          Return on revenue

          EBT?/ Revenue

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          Return on shareholders’ equity

          Profit attributable to equity holders of Fraport AG / Shareholders’ equity

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          ROCE

          Abbreviation for: Return on capital employed = EBIT?/ Capital employed

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          ROFRA

          Abbreviation for: Return on Fraport assets = EBIT?/ Fraport assets

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          Runways

          25R
          Runway Northwest on Westerly operations (aircraft landings only)


          25C
          Runway Center on Westerly operations


          25L
          Runway South on Westerly operations


          07L
          Runway South on Easterly operations


          07C
          Runway Center on Easterly operations


          07R
          Runway Northwest on Easterly operations (aircraft landings only)


          18W
          Runway 18 West on Westerly and Easterly operations (aircraft takeoffs only)

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          S

          Shareholders’ equity ratio

          Shareholders’ equity 1 / Total assets

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          T

          Tailwind component

          To ensure that all aircraft approaching Frankfurt Airport be guaranteed a safe landing at all times, the operation direction is changed in case the tailwind exceeds 5 knots (approx. 2.6 m/s) in the parallel runway system. According to  § 32b LuftVG (German Air Traffic Act) and due to noise reduction considerations, operation direction 25 is maintained in the parallel runway system at Frankfurt Airport with tailwinds averaging up to 5 knots.

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          U

          V

          W

          Working capital

          Current assets – Trade accounts payable – Other current liabilities

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          X

          Y

          Yearly performance of the share

          (Year-end closing price of the share + Dividend per share) / Previous year’s closing price

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          Z

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